Knee Fractures - McKinney, Allen, TX
Dr. Steven B. Morgan is a board certified orthopedic sports surgeon specializing in treating various conditions related to knee such as fractures, Torn ACL etc.   Dr. Morgan uses the latest techniques to provide treatment for general orthopedic conditions such as Rotator Cuff Tear, elbow injuries, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome etc.

Knee Fractures

Knee fracture is a common injury that can occur from any direct or indirect bow to the joint. Knee, being one of the most used joints of the human body, is highly susceptible to get damaged. Based upon the injured part, knee fractures can be divided into various categories. These are:

  • Patella Fracture: It is caused due to an injury to the triangular bone at the exterior part of the knee. This is the most common type of knee fracture and is often a result of direct blow to the joint.
  • Tibial Eminence Fracture: This fracture occurs due to an injury to the proximal tibia with a bent knee.  The injury can be caused as a result of motor vehicle crashes, athletic accidents, fall from a bicycle etc.
  • Femoral Condyle Fracture: It occurs when the knee is excessively stressed or strained. High impact activities such as free-falling or downhill skiing can cause this fracture.
  • Tibial Tubercle Fracture: This fracture is more common in men and is caused due to excessive strain from jumping activities. These may include gymnastics, diving, football and basketball.
  • Tibial Plateau Fracture: It occurs due to an extreme force or blow to the knee. The causes for this fracture include being hit by a vehicle or fall from a height.

Causes of Knee Fractures

  • A direct or indirect blow to the knee, such as a motor vehicle collision or a fall
  • A fall with a bent knee
  • Forceful contraction of quadriceps, such as in stumbling
  • Excessive strain on the knee
  • Other pathological conditions and infections can also cause knee fractures

Symptoms of Knee Fractures

  • Deformity in the normal structure of knee
  • Bruising and swelling
  • Popping sensation in the knee while moving
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Weakness and numbness in the leg just below the knee
  • Bleeding, in rare cases

Diagnosis of Knee Fractures

To diagnose a fracture in the knee, the orthopedic surgeon may conduct a physical examination to look for outer signs and symptoms, such as bruising, swelling etc. Certain imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan or MRI may also be done to have a clear view of the damage caused.

Treatment for Knee Fractures

The treatment option for knee fractures depends on the severity of the damage caused to the muscles and ligaments in the joint. For a minor fracture, the orthopedic surgeon might advise the patient to wear a knee brace or cast for around five to six weeks.
Major fractures may require the patient to undergo surgery before putting on a brace or cast. In case the bone is crushed into numerous small pieces, surgery helps to bring back the bone to its original shape as far as possible. If required, the different pieces of bone are put in place using metal rods and pins. These help to provide stability to bone while it is redeveloping.

Rehabilitation

Depending upon the intensity of the damage, the orthopedic surgeon may suggest physical therapy after the removal or even while wearing the brace or cast.  Initial exercises include lifting the legs to strengthen thigh muscles and reduce pressure on the knee. After the braces have been removed, exercises are intended to fortify the knee and increase its range of movement. If the injury is severe, it might take 6 months to a year for the knee to return to its original shape and normal functioning.

To know more about knee fractures and its treatment, consult Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic sports surgeon, call at (972) 727 – 9995.