Osgood-Schlatter Disease -- McKinney
Osgood-Schlatter Disease is an overuse injury of the growing knee. It causes pain in the knee joint where the lower leg meets the knee cap. The condition is commonly observed in children aged between 10 and 18 years, who actively indulge in sports like basketball, football, tennis, gymnastics etc.

Causes

  • Overuse of quadriceps muscles by young athletes and ballet dancers.
  • Continuous strain on the quadriceps muscles in the front part of the thigh may cause inflamed tendons in the knee joint. This results in soreness and swelling in the area.
  • When a child reaches puberty and is in the growing stage, the tibia is not strong enough to withstand excess strain. This bone grows faster than the patellar tendon and is more vulnerable to stress related injury.

Symptoms

  • Pain below the knee or above the shin bone
  • Localized swelling and tenderness
  • Redness or warmth
  • Stiffness or tightness in the thigh muscles
  • Limping after walking or running and restricted movement
  • Pain increases with intense activities

Diagnosis

  • A physical examination of the knee may be performed by the doctor to check for tenderness and swelling. If the patient experiences pain on applying pressure to the knee, it may be due to Osgood-Schlatter Disease. The doctor may ask the child to walk and kneel to check for other symptoms.
  • An X-Ray test may be required to confirm the diagnosis or to look for other causes of pain.  

Treatment

The treatment of Osgood-Schlatter Disease is aimed at reducing pain and discomfort until the bone reaches its full growth. It may include:

  • Rest: Any sort of physical activity should be discontinued to provide relief from pain and inflammation. The duration of rest may range from a few days to a couple of months depending upon the severity of condition.
  • Ice-Pack: Applying ice on the affected area at least twice a day can help to reduce pain and swelling. Direct application of ice should be avoided.
  • Compression: Wearing a knee brace or strap can help to provide support to the muscles. Taping may also be done to reduce tension in the muscles.
  • Elevation: Raise the knee by putting a pillow underneath to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Physical Therapy: The doctor may suggest various stretching exercises involving the hamstring and quadriceps muscles at the front as well as back of the thigh. Exercising may help to strengthen the muscles and stabilize the knee joint in order to prevent the symptoms from returning.
  • Medications: The doctor may prescribe non steroidal anti inflammatory medications to relieve pain and swelling.  

For complete and effective treatment of Osgood-Schlatter Disease, schedule an appointment with an orthopedic doctor.